The British climate is a temperate climate characterized by rainfall all year round, and a relatively small fluctuation in temperatures. Situated about half way between the equator and the poles, the British Isles are in a maritime temperate zone, that is to say our weather is greatly influenced by the seas around us the moderating effect of which causes pleasant if changeable weather conditions.
Summers are relatively cool with the highest temperatures rarely rising above 32°C except perhaps in the southeast. Winters are generally mild and calm, influenced by the warm air that comes from the Atlantic Ocean that prevent the temperatures from falling too low. Though frosts are common, but the mercury rarely dips below -10°C even on the coldest of the winter days.
The maritime influence of the surrounding sea is also evident in the minimal difference between the average summer and winter temperature in most parts of Britain (including both day and night time temperatures) which is only about 12°C.
Rainfall in the British Isles differs in different areas. Higher rainfall is recorded in the west and north, particular in Scotland, the Lake District and Wales, where hills and mountains increase the amount of rain received by blocking the moisture-laden clouds. In fact, some parts of Scotland receive rain or snow for as many as 300 days in a year. Contrastingly, East Anglia receives much lesser rainfall, and has dry summers.
The day-to-day climate fluctuation in the British Isles can be attributed to bad weather systems called depressions that originate in the Atlantic and cross the Isles bringing wind and rain, but usually mild air, unless they veer around to the north.
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